The 1762 British Invasion of Spanish-Ruled Philippines: Beyond Imperial and National Imaginaries
Date: 16 September 2022Time: 9:00 AM
Finishes: 17 September 2022Time: 9:00 PM
Venue: Russell Square: College Buildings Room: Khalili Lecture Theatre (KLT)
Type of Event: Conference
The historiographies of the British occupation of Manila and Cavite often inhabit two types of imaginaries. One is tethered to the narrow, inter-imperial wranglings between Great Britain and Spain, with their competing explorations of might or blame, haggling over unpaid ransoms and valuations over winning and losing. In the case of the Filipinos, this singular event is linked to a vague yet powerful sense of plunder and loss. Philippine websites, textbooks, historical markers of many of the churches in Luzon, persistently, and almost exclusively present the British occupation only as a culprit for the loss of beautiful architectural structures, precious religious art, rare artefacts, and objects of knowledge like maps, and manuscripts.
This year’s iteration of the SOAS Annual Philippine Studies Conference hopes to move beyond narrow or mythologizing narratives of this singular event. With an emphasis on the analysis and critical use of primary source materials, the conference will explore productive ways of historicizing the occupation by centering on issues of Philippine agency and resistance, non-European trans-imperial conditions and contexts, and on-the-ground repercussions, specially in relation to Philippine material culture, socio-economies, and local and pan-Asian histories. Through roundtable discussions, we also hope to shift towards more reparative approaches to dealing with the indisputable loss of lives and material culture that resulted from the British occupation.
With these shifts in methodology and focus, the conference hopes to contribute to a body of discourse that transcends the prevailing socio-historical and mythic narratives of power and loss.
Call for Abstracts
Topics relating to the British Invasion may include:
• Local histories of collaborations or resistances • Key players – from the British and Spanish soldiers, officers, the religious orders, native militiamen, the Chinese and Indian sepoys. • Effect of the event on Philippine material, architectural and visual cultures • Philippine objects of knowledge and their dispersal • Analysis of primary sources • Inter-imperial realignments leading to and after the invasion • Socio -economic reversals and new opportunities • Transregional underpinnings and effects of the Invasion in relation to South and South East Asia • The place of the Invasion in global history and the history of ideas
Proposals for presentations should include a title, an abstract (200 words), institutional affiliation, a bio sketch (100 words).
Call for Exhibitions
If you have creative work on or about the 1762 Invasion, send a sample or preview of your work with a 200 word description and a bio sketch (max. 100 words) Accepted works will be exhibited at the conference.
Deadline: 30 June 2022 for abstracts and art proposals
**Photo Credit: Detail from Alegoría de la defensa de Filipinas por el alavés Don Simón de Anda y Salazar. 1762-1763 Museo del Prado. Deposited in the Museum of Fine Arts of Álava. Vitoria-Gasteiz. Used with permission.
Organiser: Dr Maria Cristina Juan with Prof William Gervase Clarence-Smith and Dr Christina Lee
Canons and Repertoires: Constructing the Visual Arts in the Hispanic World
20th June 2019, 10:00 to 21st June 2019, 18:00, Senate Suite, Durham University Castle, Durham
The Zurbarán Centre for Spanish and Latin American Art, in association with CVAC, invites specialists of Spanish arts, artistic communication and exchange, as well as experts of other regions, to discuss the role and definition of Spain in their own disciplines. Presentations may be delivered in English or Spanish. Please send paper titles and abstracts of no more than 250 words, together with a CV and 150-word biography, to Professor Stefano Cracolici (email@example.com) and Dr Edward Payne (firstname.lastname@example.org) by 31 March 2019.
The visual arts in Spain have long been haunted by the spectres of six giants: El Greco, Ribera, Velázquez, Murillo, Goya and Picasso. Still today, these canonical figures tower over all others and continue to shape the story of Spanish art, which has been traditionally told in monographic form. Although the strength of the Spanish canon has informed different disciplines (literature, aesthetics, performing arts), given the recent ‘material turn’, the prosopographical dimension of the visual arts in Spain poses a disciplinary challenge. Similarly, following the ‘global turn’, the visual arts of Iberia pose a geographical challenge, intersecting with the Mediterranean, Arabic, Latin American, British and continental European worlds. The notions of ‘Spain’ and ‘Spanish art’, therefore, are necessarily nebulous and problematic, raising a host of questions: To what extent does Spanish art exist before the establishment of Spain as a nation state? To what extent is the art of the Habsburg and Bourbon empires a Spanish art outside Spain? What is the role of Spain in the wider canon of European art? Who has exploited the visual arts of the Hispanic world, geographically, politically and intellectually? These questions ultimately point to a tension between canons and repertoires; between centres and peripheries; and between consolidating the ‘core’ and expanding the ‘remit’ of the so-called Spanish school.
This conference will explode the disciplinary, material and geographical limits of Spanish art, inaugurating the Zurbarán Centre as a critical and innovative research institution for the study of Spanish and Latin American art in the twenty-first century. Papers may challenge the canonical construction of Spanish art, which can be traced back to writings from Palomino’s Lives of the Eminent Spanish Painters and Sculptors (1724) to Stirling Maxwell’s Annals of the Artists of Spain (1848), to more recent publications by scholars in the field. Papers may also probe the chronological, geographical and material boundaries of the ‘El Greco to Goya’ survey, interrogating the ways in which academics, curators, scholars and teachers narrate this material through various platforms, including publications, museum displays, exhibitions, lectures, gallery talks and academic courses. Speakers are encouraged to address the various ‘terrains’ of Spanish art, from geographical constructions of Iberia as Europe’s frontier or edge, to exchange with all that lies beyond the Pillars of Hercules. Topics for discussion may include, but are not limited to:
What is ‘Spanish art’?
Who are the cultural stakeholders of Spanish art?
What are the discords between regional, national, anti-national and transnational narratives of Spanish art, for example in museum collections and displays?
How does Spanish art feature in diplomatic exchanges?
Collections of Spanish art as an ‘imprint’ of Spain, and the role of foreign collections in disseminating Spanish art as a distinct school
Spain at the intersection of Christian, Jewish and Islamic cultures
Copies, quotations and appropriations of Spanish art
Languages and literatures: strategies of describing, narrating and translating Spain in word and image
Performing ‘Spanishness’ in the arts, including music, theatre and film
Spanish discourses in aesthetics
Spanish art beyond Iberia
Mobility and portability of Spanish art
Travel and discovery: geographies, centres, peripheries and liminal spaces
Legacies: textual and visual responses to Spain abroad
Eschewing binaries: high and low, sacred and secular, medieval and renaissance
Dr Edward Payne
Assistant Professor (Research): Pemberton Fellowship for the Study of Spanish Art
Zurbarán Centre for Spanish and Latin American Art
School of Modern Languages and Cultures
Elvet Riverside, New Elvet
Durham DH1 3JT
The 50th Annual Conference of the ASPHS will take place in Barcelona, Spain, from July 10 -13, 2019 at the Universitat Pompeu Fabra, hosted by the Institut d’Història Jaume Vicens Vives. A welcoming reception will be held on Wednesday evening, July 10, and panels will run Thursday, Friday, and Saturday. The banquet will take place on Friday 12 July.
The ASPHS invites proposals for panels, roundtable discussions, and individual papers. A typical panel session will include three papers, a chairperson, and a discussant (the chairperson may also double as the discussant). Proposals should include a 200-word abstract for each paper and a one-page curriculum vitae for each participant, including chairs and discussants. Please include each participant’s name and e-mail address along with any special requirements. All rooms come equipped with computers, standard software, and projectors.
This year’s conference will feature Paul Prestonas the keynote speaker. Preston is the Prince of Asturias Chair and Director of the Cañada Blanch Centre for Contemporary Spanish Studies at the London School of Economics.
A plenary session will be organized by Carla Rahn Phillipsand William D. Phillipsand will commemorate the “golden” 50th anniversary of the Association. Both prizewinning historians are emeritus professors at the University of Minnesota, corresponding members of Spain’s Academy of History, and founding members of the Association.
Conference participants must be members of the ASPHS. Graduate students presenting a paper for the first time at an ASPHS conference will receive a free membership for their first year, but must still submit the necessary paperwork. See the Membership page for more information.
Barcelona is a popular destination, and the coordinators and organizer may not be able to accept all proposals if the number of submissions exceeds logistic capacities, although it is our hope to able to accommodate all feasible and well-presented academic proposals on the history of Iberia and the Iberian world that are submitted on time. Established members and their graduate students will be given priority.
Knowledge and Governance in the Early Modern Spanish Empire
Call for Papers
November 29, 2018 to November 30, 2018
The relationship between knowledge production and governance has been at the centre of research on the Spanish Empire for some years. Recent works by Arndt Brendecke, Antonio Barrera-Osorio and Daniela Bleichmar, among others, show the productivity of such approaches. One consensus reached by many recent works seems to be that information was produced and collected by various actors and institutions within the empire, but not necessarily put to use by the governing bodies in Spain. More often than not, the surveys, maps, geographical descriptions, ethnographic studies, plants and specimens, and other data collected were archived without ever becoming the basis of governmental decisions.
However, even with a recent and growing interest in matters of knowledge production and imperial governance, there is still room for further questions. The relation between knowing and not-knowing, recently taken into focus by Cornel Zwierlein, and the connection of knowledge and government practices on a local colonial level are such areas.
This workshop is interested in both of these – and related – questions. It aims at bringing together recent work on governance, administration, and knowledge production from all parts of the Spanish Empire and Spain itself. Possible paper topics could be, but should not be limited to, the influence of knowing and not-knowing on governmental decision-making processes, government strategies and practices and their relation to knowledge and knowledge production, and the influence of specific local colonial contexts on government practices and knowledge production processes.
The workshop will take place on November 29th–30th, 2018 at the Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen, Germany. It will be organised by Prof. Dr. Renate Dürr, professor of Early Modern History at the Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen, and Marie Schreier, PhD candidate and research associate at the same university, in cooperation with the Collaborative Research Centre (CRC) 923 “Threatened Order – Societies under Stress” at the Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen, Germany. Marie Schreier’s work at the CRC focuses on late 17th century Panama, with a particular interest in Spanish governmental practices and reactions to dealing with outside threats.
Submissions should include an abstract of about 300 words for a 15-20-minute paper as well as a brief CV. Please include your name, affiliation and current position, and the title of your paper. The deadline for abstracts is July 31st, 2018. Accommodation and travel costs will be covered through funding available through the CRC.
Keynotes Speakers: Prof. Trevor Dadson (Queen Mary University) and Prof. Alexander Samson (UCL)
Submission deadline: 20th of June 2018
During the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, minorities in the Iberian peninsula experienced both peaceful coexistence and, at times, violent intolerance. But despite restrictions, persecutions, and forced conversions, extensive cultural production and exchange among Jews, Christians and Muslims defined the life in towns and cities across the centuries, particularly in Al-Andalus. In this context of religious (in)tolerance, the question of limpieza de sangre (blood purity) played an important role in preventing newly converted Christians from occupying high social positions. Recent approaches have highlighted how the question of limpieza de sangre was not only a matter of anti-Judaism or hostility towards Jews and Moors, but was also driven by personal enmity, ambition, and political interest. Also relevant are a series of political decisions concerning minorities, such as conversos or moriscos, which appeared in the two first decades of the seventeenth century and deeply affected the social climate of the time. This is reflected in literary works from the period, when a number of prominent pieces dealt directly with the issues raised by the political reforms. While some of the decisions are very well studied, such as the expulsion of the moriscos in 1609 and 1610, others such as the issue of the Pardons, in which the both Duke of Lerma and the Count-Duke of Olivares were involved, are less well known. It is clear that these circumstances affected the lives of many authors, their poetic trajectories and determined their voices and their works.
We invite proposals for papers in English (15-20 minutes) that explore the relationships among Jews, Christians and Muslims in the Iberian Peninsula from the Middle Ages to the 17th century and how these relationships changed over time, as represented in literary works that mirrored and were influenced by the particular socio-political dynamics of the period.
Possible topics include, but are not limited to:
Literature and minorities: Conversos, New Christians, Marranos, Moriscos.
Literature and tolerance, convivencia, cultural exchanges.
Literature and legality: statutes of limpieza de sangre (blood purity), blood libel, Pardons of 1609 and 1627, Duke of Lerma, Duke of Olivares.
Literature beyond the Iberian Peninsula, Spanish identity in France, the Netherlands, Portugal, etc.
Encounters, Rights, and Sovereignty in the Iberian empires (15th-19thcenturies)
University of Évora, Portugal, 24-25 May 2018
The Call For Papers is now open for the International Conference “Encounters, Rights, and Sovereignty in the Iberian empires, 15th-19th centuries”. Focused on the colonial encounters fostered by the Iberian empire-building processes and on the strategies developed to regulate the rights and lives of native and colonial populations, this conference welcomes proposals that privilege the comparisons and interactions between the Portuguese and Spanish colonizing dynamics, in a timeframe spanning from the early stages of the Iberian colonization to the first outbreaks of independence.
Topics may include, but are not limited to: Colonization models and empire-building strategies; Representations of native populations; Race relations and debates on race; Juridical regulations of colonial interactions; Colonial origins of human rights; Integration/ exclusion of native populations within colonial societies; Missionaries as political and cultural brokers; Active and passive dynamics of resistance; Political communication and circulation of information; Trade and commercial interactions; Portuguese and Spanish written cultures regarding colonial endeavours; Scales of power: centres versus peripheries; Violence and justice; Borders and frontiers.
Keynote Speaker: Professor António Manuel Hespanha (Universidade Nova de Lisboa)
We are seeking submissions for an interdisciplinary collection of essays tentatively titled
Health and Healing in the Early Modern Iberian World: A Gendered Perspective.
This edited volume seeks to put into conversation a range of historical, literary, and cultural texts and objects related to the theory, practice, and experience of health and healing from an Iberian-Global and gendered perspective, between 1500-1700. We invite papers that broadly interrogate the concepts of “health” and “healing” from all geographical areas within early modern Iberia and its global kingdoms. We encourage innovative responses to the topics that include but are not limited to: interactions between healer and patient; health status, belief and spiritual (religious and magical) practices; creation and circulation of drugs, herbal remedies, and the status and representation of herbalists and apothecaries; the professionalization of medicine and gendered divisions of labor and care; recipe books, diet practices and access to food. We are also interested in the ways early modern health discourse intersected with the sensory world: how were health care decisions shaped by sight, smell, touch, sound, taste as well as feeling, believing, remembering and knowing?
We anticipate publishing this volume in paperback with a university press, with the potential for classroom adoption. Essays from practitioners of all disciplines are welcome. This volume aims to reach across the fields of Iberian and global early modern studies, history of science and medicine, and gender, sexuality and women’s studies.
Please send a 250 to 300-word proposal and CV to Margaret E. Boyle (email@example.com) and Sarah E. Owens (firstname.lastname@example.org) by January 15, 2018. Authors will be notified no later than January 30, 2018. If the proposal is accepted by the press, completed essays would be expected approximately 6 months after acceptance date.
Margaret E. Boyle | Associate Professor
Department of Romance Languages and Literatures
Brunswick, Maine 04011
Typography, Illustration and Ornamentation in the Early Modern Iberian Book World, 1450-1800
Dublin, 24- 25 May 2018
Like their manuscript forebears and counterparts, early-modern printed books incorporated ornamentation such as decorative head and tailpieces, ornate borders and initial letters. They also often included woodcut and later engraved illustrations. These elements formed an essential part of the aesthetics of the book and helped frame meaning for their readers. As well as offering cultural insight, this seam of evidence also offers a formidable scholarly tool to assist in the identification of anonymous imprints and to help in the dating of works. Yet – with only a few notable exceptions – these graphic components, and those who crafted them, have remained under-researched. To better understand this world, and its development, a cross-disciplinary conference will be held in Dublin in May 2018 to reflect on the broad themes of typography, illustration, and ornamentation in early-modern Spain, Portugal and the New World between 1450 and 1800. Papers are invited from both established and younger researchers which might shed light on any aspect of the conference theme, or which help situate the Iberian experience within a broader European or global context. Papers on manuscript or printed books are welcome. The conference will coincide with the launch of the latest phase of Iberian Books http://iberian.ucd.ie covering the period 1651-1700. It will also see the launch of Ornamento, an online repository of ornaments and illustrations.
Proposals can be submitted to Professor Sandy Wilkinson, email@example.com by Friday 15 December 2017
De Canciones y Cancioneros: Music and Literary Sources of the Luso-Hispanic Song Tradition
Princeton University, April 7-8, 2018
A conference organized by Ireri Chávez-Bárcenas (Music) and Sophia Blea Nuñez (Spanish and Portuguese) with the generous support from the Princeton Program in Latin American Studies
This conference hopes to bring together musical, literary and cultural historians from the US, Latin America, and Europe that are interested in exploring various aspects of the early song tradition in the Hispanic World. It seeks to investigate the varied intersections of literary and musical sources of the Iberian song in the vast Spanish empire—from early poetic anthologies and songbooks, to villancicos’ manuscripts, chapbooks, printed vihuela and guitar tutor books, Iberian songs in manuscripts and printed collections of neighboring countries, early anthologies, catalogues and library collections, music and poetic treatises, and songs in dramas, novels and other literary genres by authors such as Cervantes, Lope de Vega, Góngora or Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz. This conference also hopes to bring attention to early manifestations of musical globalization with discussions that reveal the circulation and transmission of Iberian musicoliterary genres in the Spanish empire, including Portugal, Europe, the New World, and Asia, as well as other cultural exchanges facilitated by diplomats in the service of the Spanish and Austrian branches of the Habsburgs. Other topics of interest relate to issues of race, religion, gender, and identity.
In celebration of the six first editions of Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz recently donated to Firestone Library, the conference will include a discussion panel on Villancicos and Sor Juana, and the participation of Early Music Princeton.
Keynote Speaker: Tess Knighton (ICREA, Spain)
Special Guests: Martha Lilia Tenorio (El Colegio de México, Mexico) and Álvaro Torrente (Universidad Complutense, Spain)
Concert by: Eduardo Egüez and Nell Snaidas, with the participation of Early Music Princeton
Please send your proposal with an abstract not exceeding 300 words to the program committee at firstname.lastname@example.org by November 30, 2017. The email should include a Word or PDF document with only the title and abstract. Please paste your abstract into the body of the email and include your name, institutional affiliation or city, contact information and audio-visual needs. Notifications of accepted proposals will be sent by December 15.
Possible topics related to the Luso-Hispanic song tradition may include, but are by no means limited to, the following:
Methodological and historiographical issues
Sources for the study of the song tradition in the Spanish empire
Function and ceremonial context in religious festivities
Politics, propaganda, patronage, and representation
Imperial and Court Culture
Poetical forms, literary styles, authorship, print, chapbooks, and books
Early modern anthologies, catalogues, and library collections
Archives and libraries
Private and public practices
Intersections between the sacred and the secular
Social and cultural contexts and issues of race, class, gender, language and identity
Affect and Theatricality
Performance and listening practices
This conference is also possible by the generous support of our co-sponsors: the Departments of Music, Spanish and Portuguese, and Comparative Literature, and the University Center for Human Values, the Center for the Study of Religion, the Interdisciplinary Doctoral Program in the Humanities, and the Committee for Renaissance and Early Modern Studies.
Convenors: Ângela BARRETO XAVIER (Instituto de Ciências Sociais da Universidade de Lisboa), Michel CAHEN (EHEHI – Casa de Velázquez / Sciences Po Bordeaux), António CORREIA DA SILVA (University of Cap-Vert), Cristina NOGUEIRA DA SILVA (Universidade Nova de Lisboa) Organisation: Instituto de Ciencias Sociais da Universidade de Lisboa « Research Group Empires, Colonialism and Post-Colonial Societies» /École des hautes études hispaniques et ibériques (Casa de Velázquez, Madrid)
Working languages: English, Portuguese; Spanish
An abstract of not more than 250 words, along with a brief description of the applicant’s current project and research interests may be sent by email to: email@example.com
Selection of paper proposals and communication to participants: 20 November 2017
Pre-circulation of summary papers to discussants: 30 May 2018 Registration required (more information soon) PRESENTATION
‘I have been a slave, I have felt what a slave feels and I know what a slave knows … hear from a slave what a slave has felt and suffered‘, wrote Mary Prince in 1831, describing what it was like to be enslaved. Prince was not the only former slave to recount her experiences, between 1760 and 1860, when roughly sixty-five to seventy first-person narratives of former slaves were published in North America or England. Not surprisingly, these narratives of the enslaved are considered privileged sites (albeit not the only) to enquire into slave subjectivities, that is, the consciousness of former slaves of their condition – in the words of Frederick Douglas, in 1845, “my wretched condition, without the remedy”. These narratives – some of them representing slavery as a benign institution – as well as interviews of former slaves and their descendants have been windows to access slave subjectivities, attracting scholarly attention for the last decades. These texts provided crucial material for understanding religious beliefs, affective worlds, worldviews, modes of resistance, everyday experiences, post-slavery memories, especially to the scholar working on Caribbean and American slavery, where most of these documents have been produced. This process converted the private experiences of the enslaved into public memory.
The scholarly focus that marks the study of experiences of the enslaved in the North Atlantic does not, however, obtain in the Iberian worlds, i.e. the transcontinental regions and societies that have been under Iberian political and/or cultural domination from the 15th up to 20th centuries, and which, since the 19th century onwards, experienced a post-colonial condition. One of the reasons that explains this lack is the rarity of first-person accounts by the enslaved, whether narratives or interviews. Does this absence relate to the political cultures and cultural structures that characterized Iberia, and the forms of colonization these produced? What are the differences between the experiences of those under Portuguese and the Spanish hegemony? How can this discussion on the subjectivity of the enslaved in the Iberian context help us to compare experiences within and beyond the Iberian worlds?
To this first set of questions we may add a second one: How can scholars working on Iberian forms of slavery, where first person narratives of the enslaved are rare, access their experiences, viewpoints, and voices? How can we access memory of the enslaved? Which are the “archives” and historical sources that can be used to recover these crucial dimensions of history of those enslaved? PURPOSES
Shifting away from classical approaches to the experiences of the enslaved , such as traditional histories on slave revolts or experiences of slaves as described in hegemonic narratives, Slave Subjectivities in the Iberian World (15th-20th centuries) aims at addressing these questions and discussing ways of studying “subjectivities of enslaved peoples” in the Iberian worlds. We consider “slave subjectivities” an open heuristic notion, that we take as a pathway to understanding the manifold ways through which enslaved people perceived themselves, individually and collectively, within structures of enslavement, including how they strategically managed their political, cultural, social, and economic condition as ‘slaves’.
We would like to discuss issues such as the perceptions, feelings, dreams, fears, memories, beliefs, strategies, utopias and dystopias, as well as, take into account the different positions slaves could have, as well as their self-perceptions of identity in the context of the Iberian worlds.
Through the conference we want to open ourselves up to sensibilities and consciousness of the enslaved, seeing these historical processes from the viewpoint of slaves and the ways they understood and defined themselves. As such, we invite students of colonialism to analytically address these multiple expressions of slave experience, in Iberian metropolitan, colonial, and post-colonial territories, by engaging with empirical material and theoretical explorations.
The conference has two main purposes. On the one hand, it will seek to cross-fertilize the study of experiences of the enslaved as a historical phenomenon across the different geographies and temporalities of the Iberian colonialism, comparing it with other colonialisms and imperialisms (European and other). On the other hand, it will reassess the potential and limitations of the study of slave experiences in the Iberian worlds, inviting scholars to think about the conditions of knowledge production, and creative methodological alternatives.
Seeking to learn from, and create a multi-disciplinary framework, the conference invites historians, anthropologists, archaeologists, and other humanities scholars and social scientists. Additionally, it encourages a comparative examination of experiences of the enslaved in relation to diverse places and historical periods. We particularly welcome students working on any historical situation and spatial location within the Iberian worlds, from the fifteenth to the twentieth century. We invite paper proposals from senior scholars, early career researchers, and post-graduate students that draw on concrete and specific empirical materials whilst reflecting conceptually and analytically on slave experiences and subjectivities related with:
1) The theoretical and methodological conditions for the study of slave subjectivities in the Iberian worlds. Our aim is to engage in a discussion on archives, sources and methodologies, finding new archives and sources apt to access these dimensions of slave experience. In particular, we would like to map autobiographies and post-slavery memories, or equivalent sources, for the Iberian worlds, and the ways they “present” and “speak for” slave subjectivities.
2) The different dimensions of slave subjectivities. It is our goal to identify how slaves experienced their life paths, from beliefs to middle passage, from affectivity to labor, from consent to disaccord.
The following topics will be welcomed:.
Worldviews, beliefs, dreams, and religious imagination. How did the enslaved see the world? What were their understandings of transcendency and alterity? What did they understand by religion? Which were their utopias and dystopias?
Fears, anxieties and religious practices. Middle passage was, in the specific case of Atlantic slaving, a traumatic experience for slaves, since many of them died during the voyage. It is possible that the same happened with slaves coming from, or settled in other territories of the Iberian worlds. How did slaves cope with this experience? How did the survivors deal with the memory of middle passage? Which were the practices that helped the slaves to deal with these anxieties? What was the role of religious institutions – especially Catholic – as a means of dealing with these and other anxieties?
Perceptions of the self, affectivity, social identities, internal social hierarchies.Anglophone enslaved narratives reveal that the enslaved frequently did not see their primary identity as that of “slaves”. How did the enslaved see themselves in different contexts? How did they interact with free people? How did micro-societies of the enslaved operate? How can the social hierarchies internal to enslaved groups be assessed?
Forms of slave resistance. A widely studied topic, in this conference we would like to approach the resistance and revolts of the enslaved not from their outcomes, but from a consideration of the experience and consciousness of resistance of the enslaved, both in everyday life, as well as in violent outbursts.
Freed slaves and forced labor. Our aim is to understand the experiences of slaves that were freed, but continued to live like slaves, namely by being engaged in forced labor situations.
STRUCTURE OF THE CONFERENCE
The conference will be designed in order to encourage discussion and debate.
Prior to the conference, participants are expected to submit a piece of written work, which will be pre-circulated to discussants and among all paper presenters.
This piece will consist of a substantial executive summary of the research paper, up to 4,000 words. So as to stimulate discussion we will invite discussants to comment on individual essays. A general discussion will follow the discussants’ comments.
Ângela BARRETO XAVIER (Instituto de Ciências Sociais da Universidade de Lisboa)
Michel CAHEN (EHEHI – Casa de Velázquez / Sciences Po Bordeaux)
António CORREIA DA SILVA (Université du Cap-Vert)
Cristina NOGUEIRA DA SILVA (Universidade Nova de Lisboa)